LONG-STANDING UNSOLVED PROBLEMS IN SOLAR PHYSICS AND MAGNETOSPHERIC PHYSICS
AbstractFor many decades, there have existed a number of long-standing, unsolved problems in solar physics and magnetospheric physics. It is suggested that some of them remain unsolved because the guiding concepts, or paradigms, have no sound foundation. Here several paradigms are chosen for examination, in light of the related observations. They are the ionization rate of the solar wind, sunspots, solar flares/CMES, magnetic clouds, the concept of magnetic flux transfer in the magnetosphere, the diversion of the cross-tail current, and the dipolarization and substorm onset.It is obviously not the intent of this paper to provide answers to those difficult problems. Rather, here are posed basic questions about the sources of the established paradigms, and a suggestion that the established paradigms are not necessarily the final answers.
Publication date: 2005/01/01