Biography:

In the past Robert R McCrae has collaborated on articles with Paul T Costa. One of their most recent publications is Stress, smoking motives, and psychological well-being: The illusory benefits of smoking. Which was published in journal Advances in Behaviour Research and Therapy.

More information about Robert R McCrae research including statistics on their citations can be found on their Copernicus Academic profile page.

Robert R McCrae's Articles: (2)

Stress, smoking motives, and psychological well-being: The illusory benefits of smoking

AbstractAlthough the deleterious physical effects of smoking have long been documented, smokers often claim that there are compensatory psychological benefits which accompany the use of cigarettes for sedation or pleasure. This paper summarizes a series of studies undertaken to test the hypothesis that for some individuals, certain kinds of cigarette smoking may contribute to psychological well-being. Measures of life stress, age, and the 3 personality dimensions of neuroticism, extraversion, and openness to experience were collected on a sample of 1101 adult male volunteers. Smoking status, smoking motives, and psychological well-being were also measured. Results showed that a) both personality and smoking motives show a replicable factor structure and are stable over many years; b) age, life stress, and demographic variables show little relation to psychological well-being, whereas the personality variables of neuroticism and extraversion show stronger relations; c) smoking is associated with neuroticism, but not with extraversion; and d) neither smoking itself nor smoking for any particular motivation shows any effect on psychological well-being. It is concluded that the psychological “benefits” reported for smoking are illusory, and that alternative coping strategies should be pursued.

The maturation of personality psychology: Adult personality development and psychological well-being

AbstractPersonality psychology has made striking advances in the past two decades, demonstrating the importance of individual differences in a wide variety of life domains. Longitudinal studies of adult development contributed to these advances by revealing the stability of personality traits even in the face of changing life circumstances. More recently, cross-culturally replicated patterns of adult age differences have suggested that traits are endogenous dispositions with intrinsic paths of development. The importance of personality traits was underscored by research linking dimensions of personality to psychological well-being and mental health, and the rapidly maturing science of personality psychology holds promise for understanding many other social and psychological phenomena.

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