Biography:

In the past Jae Kun Shim has collaborated on articles with Marcio A. Oliveira and Yushin Kim. One of their most recent publications is Tactile feedback plays a critical role in maximum finger force production. Which was published in journal Journal of Biomechanics.

More information about Jae Kun Shim research including statistics on their citations can be found on their Copernicus Academic profile page.

Jae Kun Shim's Articles: (3)

Tactile feedback plays a critical role in maximum finger force production

AbstractThis study investigates the role of cutaneous feedback on maximum voluntary force (MVF), finger force deficit (FD) and finger independence (FI). FD was calculated as the difference between the sum of maximal individual finger forces during single-finger pressing tasks and the maximal force produced by those fingers during an all-finger pressing task. FI was calculated as the average non-task finger forces normalized by the task-finger forces and subtracted from 100 percent. Twenty young healthy right-handed males participated in the study. Cutaneous feedback was removed by administering ring block digital anesthesia on the 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th digits of the right hands. Subjects were asked to press force sensors with maximal effort using individual digits as well as all four digits together, with and without cutaneous feedback. Results from the study showed a 25% decrease in MVF for the individual fingers as well as all the four fingers pressing together after the removal of cutaneous feedback. Additionally, more than 100% increase in FD after the removal of cutaneous feedback was observed in the middle and ring fingers. No changes in FI values were observed between the two conditions. Results of this study suggest that the central nervous system utilizes cutaneous feedback and the feedback mechanism plays a critical role in maximal voluntary force production by the hand digits.

Age-related changes in multi-finger interactions in adults during maximum voluntary finger force production tasks

AbstractThis study aimed to continue our characterization of finger strength and multi-finger interactions across the lifespan to include those in their 60s and older. Building on our previous study of children, we examined young and elderly adults during isometric finger flexion and extension tasks. Sixteen young and 16 elderly, gender-matched participants produced maximum force using either a single finger or all four fingers in flexion and extension. The maximum voluntary finger force (MVF), the percentage contributions of individual finger forces to the sum of individual finger forces during four-finger MVF task (force sharing), and the non-task finger forces during a task finger MVF task (force enslaving), were computed as dependent variables. Force enslaving during finger extension was greater than during flexion in both young and elderly groups. The flexion–extension difference was greater in the elderly than the young adult group. The greater independency in flexion may result from more frequent use of finger flexion in everyday manipulation tasks. The non-task fingers closer to a task finger produced greater enslaving force than non-task fingers farther from the task finger. The force sharing pattern was not different between age groups. Our findings suggest that finger strength decreases over the aging process, finger independency for flexion increases throughout development, and force sharing pattern remains constant across the lifespan.

A neuromuscular strategy to prevent spinal torsion: Backward perturbation alters asymmetry of transversus abdominis muscle thickness into symmetry☆

AbstractSymmetric co-contraction of the transversus abdominis (TrA) muscle is beneficial in terms of increasing trunk stability. The aim of this study was to investigate the symmetry of lateral abdominal muscle thickness during static and dynamic conditions. Fifteen male subjects (27.13 ± 5.51 years old) were instructed to sit on a chair and maintain upright posture. Every individual subject wore a jacket harness that could be backwardly attached to a 9-kg weight through a pulley system. An unexpected drop of the weight induced the transition from static to dynamic condition. The thickness of external oblique, internal oblique, and TrA muscles was measured with ultrasonography. Our results revealed more symmetry of TrA thickness during the dynamic condition (21% vs. 13%, p = 0.019) compared with the static. The symmetric muscle thickness of TrA during the dynamic condition is considered a result of more contraction on the non-dominant side. This phenomenon could be a possible strategy of deep abdominal muscles to prevent spinal torsion during sudden trunk perturbation.

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