Biography:

One of their most recent publications is Peritoneal cytology in patients with endometrial carcinoma. Which was published in journal Gynecologic Oncology.

More information about Masashi Imachi research including statistics on their citations can be found on their Copernicus Academic profile page.

Masashi Imachi's Articles: (4)

Peritoneal cytology in patients with endometrial carcinoma

AbstractPeritoneal cytology was obtained in 61 patients with carcinoma of the endometrium at the time of laparotomy. The incidence of positive peritoneal cytology was 23.0%. It increased as the clinical stage advanced. The incidence of positive peritoneal cytology in patients with well-differentiated carcinoma or superficial myometrial invasion was low. The rate of paraaortic lymph node metastasis was higher in patients with positive peritoneal cytology than in patients with negative peritoneal cytology. However, this trend was not recognized in pelvic lymph node metastasis. In the positive peritoneal cytology group, 64.3% had disease outside of the uterus, while in the negative group only 12.8%. The 2-year survival rate in patients with positive peritoneal cytology was 57.1% and it was 86.4% in patients with negative peritoneal cytology. It is concluded that the findings of positive peritoneal cytology is an important prognostic factor and routine peritoneal cytology should be obtained at the time of laparotomy in patients with carcinoma of the endometrium.

Pulmonary metastasis from carcinoma of the uterine cervix

AbstractOf 817 patients with carcinoma of the uterine cervix that were treated and followed-up, 50 (6.1%) developed pulmonary metastases. The incidence of pulmonary metastasis was 3.2% in stage I, 5.0% in stage II, 9.4% in stage III, and 20.9% in stage IV disease. The incidence of pulmonary metastasis in patients with adenocarcinoma and undifferentiated carcinoma was higher. Of the patients in whom lung metastases were detected, 41.7% had no symptoms; 96% was diagnosed within 2 years from the initiation of treatment. All patients had abnormal shadows in chest X rays. We recommend that chest X rays be obtained every 2 months within the 8 months after treatment and every 6 months thereafter. Eighty-one percent of the patients had local recurrence or other distant metastatic lesions. The main treatment for these patients was chemotherapy, and CAP was effective for the patients with adenocarcinoma. Surgical resection of the pulmonary lesion may be an effective treatment for the patients who have no lesions in other sites.

Case reportMalignant mixed müllerian tumor of the fallopian tube: Report of two cases and review of literature☆

AbstractMalignant mixed Müllerian tumors are usually found in the endometrium, vagina, cervix, and ovary. It is extremely rare for this tumor to arise in the fallopian tube, and to date only 37 tubal cases have been reported. We recently experienced 2 such cases. The clinical features, pathologic findings, diagnosis, therapy, and outcome of these 39 cases were reviewed. The clinical features and diagnosis were similar to those of primary carcinoma of the fallopian tube. Correct preoperative diagnosis was difficult. Histologically, 18 patients had homologous elements and 21 had heterologous elements in the sarcomatous components. The most common type of heterologous element was cartilage, followed by striated muscle and bone. The clinical stage (FIGO staging of ovarian carcinoma) was stage I in 15 cases, stage II in 11 cases, stage III in 8 cases, stage IV in 3 cases, and unknown in 2 cases. In all the patients except 1, the tumor was surgically removed. Postoperatively, radiotherapy was given to 9 patients, chemotherapy to 9 patients, and both to 2 patients. Sixteen patients died of the disease, after a mean period of 16.1 months. Of the 15 stage I patients, 10 survived more than 12 months. The most important prognostic factor was spread of the tumor at diagnosis.

Regular articleFine-needle aspiration cytology in patients with gynecologic malignancies☆

AbstractFour hundred five fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytologies were obtained from 352 sites in 287 patients with gynecologic malignancies. The majority of specimens were aspirated for recurrent or metastatic disease. The most common clinical diagnosis was cervical carcinoma (128 cases) followed by ovarian carcinoma (80 cases) and others (79 cases). The sites of FNA were lymph node (134 cases), retroperitoneal lymphocyst (57 cases), pelvic mass (52 cases), subcutaneous mass (34 cases), and others (75 cases). Of 335 sites excluding inadequate specimens, 162 (48.4%) revealed malignant cells. There was no difference in the accuracy of FNA between diseases in the superficial sites and those in the deep sites. However, the sensitivity for local recurrent diseases was lower than that for primary or metastatic diseases (86.4% vs 100.0%). The overall accuracy of FNA cytology was 95.2%, and it was satisfactory for the diagnosis of gynecologic malignant diseases. FNA should be repeated if the initial FNA specimen is inadequate for diagnosis. When distinct malignant cells are observed in FNA cytology, a biopsy may be omitted.

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