Biography:

In the past Margaret Collins has collaborated on articles with Sean T. O’Leary. One of their most recent publications is Research ArticleImmunization Practices of U.S. Obstetrician/Gynecologists for Pregnant Patients. Which was published in journal American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

More information about Margaret Collins research including statistics on their citations can be found on their Copernicus Academic profile page.

Margaret Collins's Articles: (2)

Research ArticleImmunization Practices of U.S. Obstetrician/Gynecologists for Pregnant Patients

IntroductionU.S. obstetrician/gynecologists play a critical role as vaccinators of pregnant women. However, little is known about their current immunization practices. Thus, study objectives were to determine (1) practices related to assessment of vaccination status and vaccine delivery for pregnant patients; (2) barriers to stocking and administering vaccines; and (3) factors associated with administering both influenza and tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccines.MethodsAn e-mail and mail survey among a national sample of obstetrician/gynecologists conducted July–October 2015 (analysis August 2016–August 2017).ResultsThe response rate was 73.2% (353/482). Among obstetrician/gynecologists caring for pregnant women (n=324), vaccination status was most commonly assessed for influenza (97%), Tdap (92%), and measles, mumps, and rubella vaccines (88%). Vaccines most commonly administered included influenza (85%) and Tdap (76%). Few respondents reported administering other vaccines to pregnant patients. More physicians reported using standing orders for influenza (66%) than Tdap (39%). Other evidence-based strategies for increasing vaccine uptake were less frequently used (electronic decision support, 42%; immunization information system to record [13%] or assess vaccination status [11%]; reminder/recall, 7%). Barriers most commonly reported were provider financial barriers, yet provider attitudinal barriers were rare. Providers who administered both influenza and Tdap vaccines were more likely to be female, perceive fewer financial and practice barriers, less likely to be in private practice, and perceive more patient barriers.ConclusionsAlthough most obstetrician/gynecologists administer some vaccines to pregnant women, the focus remains on influenza and Tdap. Financial barriers and infrequent use of evidence-based strategies for increasing vaccination uptake may be hindering delivery of a broader complement of adult vaccines in obstetrician/gynecologist offices.

The Attractiveness of the Average Face

This article explores the connection between perceived beauty and averageness. Although throughout the history of mankind attractiveness was linked to averageness, this concept is now being questioned in light of more recent developments in Evolutionary Psychology. What follows is in an attempt to open up the discussion on one aspect of beauty, averageness, including literature from the Humanities and Evolutionary Psychology.

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