In the past S.P. Tiwari has collaborated on articles with A. Kumar. One of their most recent publications is Urea molasses mineral blocks as a feed supplement: Effect on growth and nutrient utilization in buffalo calves. Which was published in journal Animal Feed Science and Technology.

More information about S.P. Tiwari research including statistics on their citations can be found on their Copernicus Academic profile page.

S.P. Tiwari's Articles: (4)

Urea molasses mineral blocks as a feed supplement: Effect on growth and nutrient utilization in buffalo calves

AbstractTwenty male buffalo calves of about 9–13 months of age were divided at random into five groups of four animals each. All the animals were individually offered wheat bhoosa (chopped straw) ad libitum and wheat bran and oil-extracted rice bran each at 500 g day−1. Calves of Groups 2, 3, 4 and 5 were given urea molasses mineral block (UMMB as lick) ad libitum. In addition, calves of Groups 3, 4 and 5 were supplemented with fish meal at the rate of 50, 100 and 150 g, respectively. The UMMB contained 38% molasses, 10% urea, 10% cement, 40% wheat bran, 1% salt and 1% mineral mixture. After a feeding period of 130 days, a metabolism trial of 7 days duration was conducted.The average daily dry matter intake was higher (P < 0.01) in Groups 2, 3, 4 and 5 than Group 1. The calves gained faster in Group 4 (288 g day−1) as compared with Groups 1 (90 g day−1), 2 (166 g day−1), 3 (179 g day−1) and 4 (275 g day−1). The digestibility coefficient of DM, OM, nitrogen, EE, ADF and NDF were significantly increased in groups supplemented with UMMB and fish meal. The balance of N was more (P < 0.05) in Groups 2 and 3 than Group 1 which further increased (P < 0.01) on supplementation of fish meal. Calcium and phosphorus balances were also increased (P < 0.01) as a result of supplementation of UMMB and fish meal.It may be concluded that the prevailing practice in the rural areas of developing countries of keeping growing calves solely on wheat bhoosa and a small amount of poor-grade concentrate is not satisfactory. This feed can be economically supplemented with UMMB and 100 g fish meal to maintain a fairly good growth rate for the calves.

Synthesis, characterization and optical study of CaYAl3O7: Eu3+ phosphors for lighting application

Highlights•CaYAl3O7: Eu3+ phosphor is prepared via solid state route.•The presence of single phase in XRD analysis is appeared.•Enhanced downconversion emission on 30 mol% Eu3+ doping is recorded in CaYAl3O7: Eu3+ phosphor.•The CIE color coordinates are observed at various laser powers.•Durability is observed in the present sample.

A categorical approach to minimal realization for a fuzzy language

AbstractIn this study, we provide a general theory of minimal realization for a given fuzzy language in a category theory setting. We introduce categorical characterizations of a run map, reachability map, and observability map for a crisp deterministic fuzzy automaton. Finally, we show that all minimal realizations for a given fuzzy language are isomorphic to the Nerode realization for the same case.

Structural and optical properties of thermal decomposition assisted Gd2O3:Ho3 +/Yb3 + upconversion phosphor annealed at different temperatures

Highlights•The Gd2O3:Ho3+ (0.2 mol %)/Yb3+ (3 mol %) phosphor material is synthesized via two different routs.•The effect of annealing on structural and optical properties of thermal decomposition assisted sample have been studied.•The effect of Ho3+/Yb3+ on the structural parameters of Gd2O3 host have been studied through the Rietveld refinement of XRD data.•The change in internal temperature through 980 nm excitation for different annealed samples was calculated theoretically.•The temperature sensing ability of 1000°C annealed thermal decomposition assisted sample was conformed.

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