Biography:

In the past Colin Hawco has collaborated on articles with Joseph D. Viviano and Rodrigo B. Mansur. One of their most recent publications is Archival ReportResting-State Connectivity Biomarkers of Cognitive Performance and Social Function in Individuals With Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorder and Healthy Control Subjects. Which was published in journal Biological Psychiatry.

More information about Colin Hawco research including statistics on their citations can be found on their Copernicus Academic profile page.

Colin Hawco's Articles: (5)

Archival ReportResting-State Connectivity Biomarkers of Cognitive Performance and Social Function in Individuals With Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorder and Healthy Control Subjects

AbstractBackgroundDeficits in neurocognition and social cognition are drivers of reduced functioning in schizophrenia spectrum disorders, with potentially shared neurobiological underpinnings. Many studies have sought to identify brain-based biomarkers of these clinical variables using a priori dichotomies (e.g., good vs. poor cognition, deficit vs. nondeficit syndrome).MethodsWe evaluated a fully data-driven approach to do the same by building and validating a brain connectivity–based biomarker of social cognitive and neurocognitive performance in a sample using resting-state and task-based functional magnetic resonance imaging (n = 74 healthy control participants, n = 114 persons with schizophrenia spectrum disorder, 188 total). We used canonical correlation analysis followed by clustering to identify a functional connectivity signature of normal and poor social cognitive and neurocognitive performance.ResultsPersons with poor social cognitive and neurocognitive performance were differentiated from those with normal performance by greater resting-state connectivity in the mirror neuron and mentalizing systems. We validated our findings by showing that poor performers also scored lower on functional outcome measures not included in the original analysis and by demonstrating neuroanatomical differences between the normal and poorly performing groups. We used a support vector machine classifier to demonstrate that functional connectivity alone is enough to distinguish normal and poorly performing participants, and we replicated our findings in an independent sample (n = 75).ConclusionsA brief functional magnetic resonance imaging scan may ultimately be useful in future studies aimed at characterizing long-term illness trajectories and treatments that target specific brain circuitry in those with impaired cognition and function

Research ReportSpread of activity following TMS is related to intrinsic resting connectivity to the salience network: A concurrent TMS-fMRI study

AbstractTranscranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) modulates activity at local and regions distal to the site of simulation. TMS has also been found to modulate brain networks, and it has been hypothesized that functional connectivity may predict the neuronal changes at local and distal sites in response to a TMS pulse. However, a direct relationship between resting connectivity and change in TMS-induced brain activation has yet to be demonstrated. Concurrent TMS-fMRI is a technique to directly measure this spread activity following TMS in real time. In twenty-two participants, resting-state fMRI scans were acquired, followed by four ten minute sessions of concurrent TMS-fMRI over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). Seed-based functional connectivity to the individualized TMS target was examined using the baseline resting fMRI scan data, and the change of activity resulting from TMS was determined using a general linear model (High vs Low intensity TMS). While at the group level the spatial pattern of resting connectivity related to the pattern of TMS-induced cortical changes, there was substantial variability across individuals. This variability was further probed by examining individual's connectivity from the TMS target to six resting state networks. Only connectivity between the salience network (SN) and the TMS target site correlated with the RSC-TMS score. This suggests that resting state connectivity is correlated with TMS-induced changes in activity following DLPFC stimulation, particularly when the DLPFC target interacts with the SN. These results highlight the importance of examining such relationships at the individual level and may help to guide individual treatment in clinical populations.

Research paperEffort-based decision-making is affected by overweight/obesity in major depressive disorder

Highlights•Abnormalities in reward are core features of major depressive disorder (MDD).•Overweight/obesity (OW) is independently associated with reward disturbances.•We investigated effort-based decision making in individuals with MDD and OW.•OW significantly moderated the association between MDD and lower effort behavior.•Body mass index was more strongly associated with effort than depressive symptoms.

Hemodynamic and metabolic responses to activation, deactivation and epileptic discharges

AbstractTo investigate the coupling between the hemodynamic and metabolic changes following functional brain activation as well as interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs), blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD), perfusion and oxygen consumption responses to a unilateral distal motor task and interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs) were examined via continuous EEG-fMRI. Seven epilepsy patients performed a periodic (1 Hz) right-hand pinch grip using ∼8% of their maximum voluntary contraction, a paradigm previously shown to produce contralateral MI neuronal excitation and ipsilateral MI neuronal inhibition. A multi-slice interleaved pulsed arterial spin labeling and T2*-weighted gradient echo sequence was employed to quantify cerebral blood flow (CBF) and BOLD changes. EEG was recorded throughout the imaging session and reviewed to identify the IEDs. During the motor task, BOLD, CBF and cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen consumption (CMRO2) signals increased in the contra- and decreased in the ipsilateral primary motor cortex. The relative changes in CMRO2 and CBF were linearly related, with a slope of 0.46 ± 0.05. The ratio of contra- to ipsilateral CBF changes was smaller in the present group of epilepsy patients than in the healthy subjects examined previously. IEDs produced both increases and decreases in BOLD and CBF signals. In the two case studies for which the estimation criteria were met, the coupling ratio between IED-induced CMRO2 and CBF changes was estimated at 0.48 ± 0.17. These findings provide evidence for a preserved coupling between hemodynamic and metabolic changes in response to both functional activation and, for the two case studies available, in response to interictal epileptiform activity.

Source retrieval is not properly differentiated from object retrieval in early schizophrenia: An fMRI study using virtual reality

AbstractSource memory, the ability to identify the context in which a memory occurred, is impaired in schizophrenia and has been related to clinical symptoms such as hallucinations. The neurobiological underpinnings of this deficit are not well understood. Twenty-five patients with recent onset schizophrenia (within the first 4.5 years of treatment) and twenty-four healthy controls completed a source memory task. Participants navigated through a 3D virtual city, and had 20 encounters of an object with a person at a place. Functional magnetic resonance imaging was performed during a subsequent forced-choice recognition test. Two objects were presented and participants were asked to either identify which object was seen (new vs. old object recognition), or identify which of the two old objects was associated with either the person or the place being presented (source memory recognition). Source memory was examined by contrasting person or place with object. Both patients and controls demonstrated significant neural activity to source memory relative to object memory, though activity in controls was much more widespread. Group differences were observed in several regions, including the medial parietal and cingulate cortex, lateral frontal lobes and right superior temporal gyrus. Patients with schizophrenia did not differentiate between source and object memory in these regions. Positive correlations with hallucination proneness were observed in the left frontal and right middle temporal cortices and cerebellum. Patients with schizophrenia have a deficit in the neural circuits which facilitate source memory, which may underlie both the deficits in this domain and be related to auditory hallucinations.

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