Biography:

One of their most recent publications is Mediation and Conceptual Behavior1. Which was published in journal .

More information about Howard H. Kendler research including statistics on their citations can be found on their Copernicus Academic profile page.

Howard H. Kendler's Articles: (2)

Mediation and Conceptual Behavior1

Publisher SummaryThis chapter focuses on mediation and conceptual behavior. The concept of mediation, can be, and often is, assigned to any position that assumes that there are intervening physiological or theoretical processes operating between an organism's environment and his behavior. The chapter also presents the theoretical and experimental analysis of reversal-shift behavior with rats and humans at a wide range of developmental stages. Experimental results suggestes that a single-link continuity type of discrimination learning theory could account for the rats' shift behavior. In case of humans, the younger the child; the more likely he is to behave in accordance with a single-link analysis. In order to explain the ability of organisms to execute rapid reversal shifts or to respond in a reversal manner in an optional-shift technique, an S-R (Stimulus-Response) mediational formulation has been proposed, which assumes that an environmental stimulus (S) evokes an implicit response (r), which in turn produces an implicit stimulus (s) to which the overt response (R) becomes associated. In an attempt to isolate some of the characteristics of a representational response that facilitates the execution of a reversal shift, it has been found that: (1) the associative strength, as measured by word-association norms, between the two representational responses has at best a minimal effect on reversal shift behavior, and (2) more economical forms of representing a category of words facilitate reversal shifts.

Evolutions or Revolutions?

The relevance of a Kuhnian analysis of the history of psychology is discussed. Although the history of psychology can be interpreted as a series of revolutions against established paradigms, with each revolution being followed by a period of normal science, the argument is advanced that such an interpretation is inappropriate, misleading, incomplete, and damaging to the future of psychology.Revolutionary and evolutionary aspects of cognitive psychology are discussed in relation to behaviorism particularly in regard to active versus passive models, mentalistic constructsand knowledge versus stimulus-response associations. Finally, three problems confronting cognitive psychology are analyzed: the meaning of knowledge, the relationship between cognitive psychology and neuroscience, and the tendency of cognitive psychologists to ignore problems of emotion and motivation.

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