Biography:

In the past Takahiro Fujino has collaborated on articles with Kelly Beers and Yuka Soh. One of their most recent publications is Comparative ultrastructural topography of the gut epithelia of some trematodes. Which was published in journal International Journal for Parasitology.

More information about Takahiro Fujino research including statistics on their citations can be found on their Copernicus Academic profile page.

Takahiro Fujino's Articles: (7)

Comparative ultrastructural topography of the gut epithelia of some trematodes

AbstractThe gut epithelia of six species of digenetic trematodes, Clonorchis sinensis, Eurytrema pancreaticum, Haematoloechus lobatus, Echinostoma hortense, Schistosoma japonicum and Fasciola hepatica, were studied with scanning and also transmission electron microscopy. Morphological differences in cytoplasmic projections of the gut of adult flukes were demonstrated stereoscopically among these species. The cytoplasmic projections vary considerably in shape, but are roughly separated into three groups by their essential forms: ribbon-shaped narrow type in C. sinensis and E. pancreaticum, broad, triangular with filamentous extensions distally and/or marginally as in F. hepatica and E. hortense, and broad, sheet-like or triangular with the distal ends blunt or rounded as in H. lobatus and S. japonicum. This character appears rather constant, without regional differences in the gut. No marked correlation was found between the gut projections of the parasites and their host or food. There are also specific discriminations in the ultrastructure of the cellular organization among the species examined.

General paperEffects of diet on the lipid composition of the digestive gland-gonad complex of Biomphalaria Glabrata (Gastropoda) infected with larval Echinostoma Caproni (Trematoda)

AbstractThis study examined the effects of a larval Echinostoma caproni infection on the neutral lipid composition of the digestive gland-gonad complex (DGG) of Biomphalaria glabrata snails fed hen's egg yolk supplemented with lettuce (Y-L) or lettuce supplemented with Tetramin (L-T). Snails were experimentally infected with the miracidial stage of this echinostome, and their DGGs containing daughter rediae were analyzed for neutral lipids five weeks post-infection by qualitative and quantitative thin-layer chromatography. Light microscopy using Oil Red O (ORO) staining and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were used to localize neutral lipids in the rediae. The DGGs of infected snails maintained on the Y-L diet showed a significant increase in free sterols and a significant decrease in triacylglycerols compared to uninfected snails maintained on the Y-L diet. The DGGs of infected snails maintained on the L-T diet showed no significant difference in free sterols or triacylglycerols compared to uninfected snails maintained on the L-T diet. ORO staining and TEM showed the presence of lipid droplets in rediae from snails on the Y-L diet. The significant decrease in triacylglycerols in the DGGs of infected snails maintained on the Y-L diet suggests that triacylglycerols were utilized by the rediae.

Two types of parenchymal cells in the lung fluke Paragonimus ohirai (digenea: Troglotrematidae) characterized by the cytochemistry of their mitochondria

AbstractMorphology and respiratory function were studied in situ and in the isolated mitochondria of Paragonimus ohirai. Two types of parenchymal cells (i.e., Pcl and Pc2 cells), whose mitochondria differ in terms of morphology and staining for cytochrome c oxidase activity, were found in fluke tissues. Enzymatic and spectrophotometric analyses of the isolated mitochondria showed that fluke mitochondria possess both aerobic and anaerobic respiratory chains. These results suggest that there are two mitochondrial populations in fluke parenchymal cells, one possessing an aerobic respiratory chain and the other an anaerobic respiratory chain.

Original articleProgression and Timing of Treatment of Zone I Retinopathy of Prematurity

PurposeTo clarify the progression of zone I retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and elucidate the most suitable time and method of treatment.DesignInterventional case series.MethodsForty-six eyes of 23 zone I ROP infants were studied at a single institution. Birth weight ranged from 448 to 954 g, and gestational age ranged from 22 to 26 weeks. Fundus examination was started at 29 or 30 weeks postmenstrual age and was performed once or more per week. The first treatment was performed using laser photocoagulation or cryotherapy when zone I ROP progressed to the following criteria. Treatment criteria A included 35 eyes of 18 cases of zone I any stage ROP with plus disease (Early Treatment for Retinopathy of Prematurity [ETROP] type 1), criteria B included five eyes of three cases of zone I stage 3 ROP with or without plus disease (ETROP type 1), criteria C included six eyes of four cases of stage 1 or stage 2 ROP without plus disease; the demarcation lines belonged, in large part, within the zone I area.ResultsHazy media such as corneal opacity, miotic pupil, tunica vasculosa lentis, and hazy vitreous persisted until approximately 32 weeks postmenstrual age. The mean period between stage 1 and stage 3 mild was one week, that between stage 1 and stage 3 moderate was 1.7 weeks, and that between stage 1 and stage 3 severe was 1.3 weeks. The period between stage 1 and the first treatment was zero to 20 days, and 60.9% of all the cases were treated within 10 days after stage 1. Six of 46 eyes had unfavorable outcomes. Surgical results of our treatment were comparable or better than those of other reports.ConclusionsImmediate treatment was required when zone I ROP was diagnosed behind persistent hazy media.

Regular ArticleAbnormal Uterus with Polycysts, Accumulation of Uterine Prostaglandins, and Reduced Fertility in Mice Heterozygous for Acyl-CoA Synthetase 4 Deficiency☆

AbstractArachidonate released by various stimuli is rapidly reesterified into membrane phospholipids initiated by acyl-CoA synthetase (ACS) and subsequent acyl-transfer reactions. ACS4 is an arachidonate-preferring enzyme abundant in steroidogenic tissues and postulated to modulate eicosanoid production. Female mice heterozygous for ACS4 deficiency become pregnant less frequently and produce small litters with extremely low transmission of the disrupted alleles. Striking morphological changes, including extremely enlarged uteri and lumina filled with numerous proliferative cysts of various sizes, were detected in ACS4+/− females. Furthermore, marked accumulation of prostaglandins was seen in the uterus of the heterozygous females. These results indicate that ACS4 modulates female fertility and uterine prostaglandin production.

Regular articleEscherichia coli cytidine deaminase provides a molecular model for ApoB RNA editing and a mechanism for RNA substrate recognition1

AbstractApoB RNA-editing enzyme (APOBEC-1) is a cytidine deaminase. Molecular modeling and mutagenesis show that APOBEC-1 is related in quaternary and tertiary structure to Escherichia coli cytidine deaminase (ECCDA). Both enzymes form a homodimer with composite active sites constructed with contributions from each monomer. Significant gaps are present in the APOBEC-1 sequence, compared to ECCDA. The combined mass of the gaps (10 kDa) matches that for the minimal RNA substrate. Their location in ECCDA suggests how ABOBEC-1 can be reshaped to accommodate an RNA substrate. In this model, the asymmetrical binding to one active site of a downstream U (equivalent to the deamination product) helps target the other active site for deamination of the upstream C substrate.

Short ReportA case of intraocular yolk sac tumor in a child and its pathogenesis

While yolk sac tumor is one of the most common malignant germ cell tumors occurring in young children, it is rarely found in extragonadal sites. We report a case of intraocular yolk sac tumor in a 4-year-old boy. The diagnosis was confirmed by histologic examination and by the rapid normalization of serum α-fetoprotein level following enucleation. We propose that yolk sac cells can potentially migrate into the eye at 22 days of embryonic life during neural tube formation, when the head and tail of the neuropore open contemporaneously and communicate with the amniotic cavity.

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