Development of rapid-set high-strength cement using statistical experimental design
Review articleOpen access

AbstractMany applications like aircraft runway, busy roads, highway or motorways, water tank repair, etc. demand a cement that sets fast and gains the required strength in a few hours. Though there are few cements available to meet the requirements given above, most of them are very costly, like magnesium phosphate cement, jet cement, geopolymeric cement, etc. So, an attempt has been made to make cost-effective rapid-set high-strength cement having initial setting time of ∼15 min, final setting time of ∼30 min, 4 h cold compressive strength (CCS) of ∼12 MPa (minimum), 8 h CCS of ∼24 MPa and 1 day CCS of ∼40 MPa for the neat cement. The experiments were designed using orthogonal array technique in L9 array with three factors, namely OPC/high-alumina cement/anhydrous calcium sulphate, fineness of the cement, and type of additives, at three levels each. The responses studied are initial setting time, final setting time, and CCS after 4, 8, and 24 h curing. The response data were analysed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) technique with a software package, ANOVA by Taguchi Method (ATM). In the case of setting time, fineness of the cement and OPC/HAC/anhydrous calcium sulphate ratio plays a significant role. Additive type and the OPC/HAC/anhydrous calcium sulphate are significant factors affecting the CCS at different ages. The confirmatory trial results clearly indicate that the setting time and CCS at different ages targeted were achieved using design of experiments.

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