The construction of nitrogen-doped graphitized carbon–TiO2 composite to improve the electrocatalyst for methanol oxidation
Review articleOpen access

AbstractThe exploration of advanced catalyst supports is a promising route to obtain electrocatalysts with high activity and durability. Herein, the nitrogen-doped graphitized carbon/TiO2 composite was fabricated and explored as support for the Pt catalyst. The composite support was constructed by carbonization of polypyrrole/TiO2 using cobalt nitrate and nickel nitrate as graphitizing catalysts. The resulting catalyst shows enhanced electrocatalytic performance for methanol electrooxidation compared with the commercial Pt/C catalyst. The enhancement can be ascribed to combinatory effect of N-doped graphitized carbon and TiO2, in which the tolerance to CO-poisoning and the intrinsic kinetics of methanol oxidation reaction were simultaneously improved by the bifunctional effect and the modification of the electronic structure. As a result, the as-developed nitrogen-doped graphitized carbon/TiO2 composite present attractive advantages for the application in fuel cell electrocatalyst.

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