Regular ArticleEffects of Long-Term Omeprazole Treatment on Adult Rat Gastric Mucosa - Enhancement of the Epithelial Cell Proliferation and Suppression of Its Differentiation
Review articleOpen access

AbstractEffects of long-term omeprazole treatment on the process of epithelial cell proliferation and differentiation in the adult rat gastric mucosa were investigated. Animals were treated with omeprazole (25 mg/kg body weight/day) for 28 days to induce anacidity in the stomach. The treatment induced a marked decrease in the number of chief cells in the gastric mucosa and at the same time an increase in that of immature pepsinogen-producing cells expressing class III mucin. This was accompanied by a decrease to 60% and 10% of the control values in the mucosal levels of pepsinogen and its mRNA, respectively. Moreover, the expression of cathepsin E in surface mucous cells was reduced. Cell proliferation studies revealed that the rate of bromodeoxyuridine-labeled cells was increased by omeprazole. The above-described changes were reversed by cessation of the treatment and they were not caused by the omeprazole-treatment at a dose which does not induce anacidity in the stomach. These results suggest that long-term omeprazole treatment reversibly increases the epithelial cell proliferation and suppresses its differentiation in the adult rat gastric mucosa probably by altering the acidic environment specific for the stomach.

Request full text

References (0)

Cited By (0)

No reference data.
No citation data.
Join Copernicus Academic and get access to over 12 million papers authored by 7+ million academics.
Join for free!