Regular ArticleEffects of Long-Term Omeprazole Treatment on Adult Rat Gastric Mucosa - Enhancement of the Epithelial Cell Proliferation and Suppression of Its Differentiation
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Abstract:

AbstractEffects of long-term omeprazole treatment on the process of epithelial cell proliferation and differentiation in the adult rat gastric mucosa were investigated. Animals were treated with omeprazole (25 mg/kg body weight/day) for 28 days to induce anacidity in the stomach. The treatment induced a marked decrease in the number of chief cells in the gastric mucosa and at the same time an increase in that of immature pepsinogen-producing cells expressing class III mucin. This was accompanied by a decrease to 60% and 10% of the control values in the mucosal levels of pepsinogen and its mRNA, respectively. Moreover, the expression of cathepsin E in surface mucous cells was reduced. Cell proliferation studies revealed that the rate of bromodeoxyuridine-labeled cells was increased by omeprazole. The above-described changes were reversed by cessation of the treatment and they were not caused by the omeprazole-treatment at a dose which does not induce anacidity in the stomach. These results suggest that long-term omeprazole treatment reversibly increases the epithelial cell proliferation and suppresses its differentiation in the adult rat gastric mucosa probably by altering the acidic environment specific for the stomach.

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