Case ReportAcute Postoperative Respiratory Failure Caused by Chlamydia Pneumoniae and Diagnosed by Bronchoalveolar Lavage
Review articleOpen access

ABSTRACTMost Chlamydia pneumoniae infections are mild, but 10% develop into pneumonia. C. pneumoniae has been observed in hospital in intubated patients undergoing major surgery or admitted with severe trauma. A patient with squamous cell carcinoma in whom severe pneumonia developed postpneumonectomy and who required mechanical ventilation is presented. The patient was initially treated for nosocomial bacterial pneumonia with the broad spectrum antibiotics ceftazidime, amikacin, and vancomycin. The patient underwent a bronchoalveolar lavage, from which C. pneumoniae was grown. Generally, these patients are a high-risk mortality group. Only after substituting the above antibiotics with doxycycline, to which C. pneumoniae was sensitive, did the pneumonia respond. Whether this was a nosocomial or a community-acquired pneumonia is uncertain.

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