Chapter 5 - Evolution of Climate Change Adaptation Policy and Negotiation
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Abstract:

AbstractAdaptation has been spearheading international negotiations as scientific predictions continue to reaffirm that mitigation as the only response to climate change is insufficient. In theory, adaptation is described on a gradient of impact from reactive to proactive measures of response to climatic variability and its socioeconomic repercussions. Discussions occur at global, national, and local scales, with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) as the main correspondent. Initiated through the Marrakech Accords in COP 7 (2001), adaptation negotiations continue to develop year by year. This chapter discusses the evolution of conventional adaptation policies and negotiations across governance scales, under the UNFCCC umbrella and elsewhere; highlighting different programmes, plans, and frameworks that govern action and any gaps or discrepancies herein. Through a critical analysis lens, climate change adaptation policies are evaluated in comparison with discussions/action in the South versus the North. In conclusion, recommendations for potential South–North and South–South collaboration on adaptation policies are stated.

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