Chapter 20 - 1953 The Chasm Between Ethology and Comparative Psychology
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AbstractA deep divide developed between ethology and comparative psychology in the post–World War II era. The split played out in arguments over the relative importance of nature and nurture in behavioral development, as well as in choices of which animals to study and whether to focus on field or lab studies. The nature/nurture argument was not just a debate within the ivy-clad walls of academe, as the role of genes in determining behavior became a point of public concern. The conflict culminated in the sociobiological furor of the 1970s (see chapter: 1975 Sociobiology).

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