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AbstractPlanning models are increasingly becoming a standard part of the policy process; hence it is important to determine the conditions for effective implementation, of modeling technology in public organizations. In a joint American-German research project we have examined this question, asking specifically: What are the characteristics of the environment, organization, technology and transfer policies that lead to the successful implementation of planning models? Basing the research on a reanalysis of existing survey data and several case studies our research revealed a list of about thirty variables that seem to be critical to successful model implements on and gave insights into the dynamics of this implementation process in policy making environments. In contrast to the recent implementation literature with modeling applications as well as to our own assumptions, deliberate transfer policies of the model developers do not belong to the more important variable. Furthermore modeling applications in this context are clearly dominated by the users and serve both a managerial and a political ideology of model use.

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