Asymmetries in the acoustic reflexes of the cat stapedius muscle
Review articleOpen access
Abstract:

AbstractElectromyographic activity (EMG) was used to monitor contractions of the stapedius muscle evoked by both ipsilateral and contralateral sound in ketamine-anesthetized or decerebrate cats. After the onset of a continuing tone, stapedius EMG often had bursts of activity at regular intervals; similar bursts were also observed in the EMG from the tensor tympani muscle. Plots of the r.m.s. amplitude of stapedius-EMG versus sound level usually had a steep rising phase (small dynamic range) and a plateau at high sound levels. For sound stimulation at 1 kHz, the crossed stapedius reflex had a lower maximum amplitude (ave. amplitude ratio: 0.37) and a higher threshold (ave. 8 dB) than the uncrossed reflex. Since the uncrossed reflex evokes considerably more stapedius EMG than does the crossed reflex, it probably produces correspondingly greater changes in middle-ear sound transmission.

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