Inhibition of the 17β-estradiol-induced and constitutive expression of the cellular protooncogene c-fos by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) in the female rat uterus
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AbstractAcute administration of 17β-estradiol (5 μg/rat) to 25-day-old female Sprague-Dawley rats resulted in an increase of uterine mRNA for the cellular oncogene c-fos. The c-fos mRNA levels were significantly elevated 12 and 24 h after exposure to the hormone (232 and 164% of control values) and the elevation was not observed after 48 h. In contrast, treatment of the animals with either 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) or 6-methyl-1,3,8-trichlorodibenzofuran (MCDF) resulted in a dose-dependent decrease in constitutive uterine c-fos mRNA levels. In rats co-treated with 17β-estradiol plus TCDD or MCDF, it was apparent from the results that the halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons significantly inhibited the estrogen-induced increases in uterine c-fos mRNA levels. These observations further extend the diverse spectrum of antiestrogenic effects caused by TCDD and related compounds and also show an interaction between TCDD and the constitutive expression of the c-fos protooncogene in the female rat uterus.

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