Behavioural versus cognitive social-skills training with intellectually-handicapped adults
Review articleOpen access

AbstractForty-eight moderately intellectually-handicapped, institutionalized adults were randomly assigned to a behavioural social-skills training (BSST), a cognitive social-problem-solving (SPS), attention-placebo control (APC) or no-treatment control (NTC) group. Significant improvement in basic social-skill performance was found for the BSST group but not for the SPS, APC or NTC groups, whereas significant increases in the generation of alternative solutions were found for the cognitive SPS group but not the BSST, APC or NTC groups. Neither training approaches produced lasting benefits, nor were skill improvements associated with changes in global ratings of social competence made by staff. The implications for future intervention with intellectually-handicapped adults are discussed.

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