BBA reportEstrogen-induced alterations of the acidic and neutral glycosphingolipids of rat kidney
Review articleOpen access

AbstractIn order to determine whether female sex hormones could influence the glycosphingolipid composition of the rat kidney, male albino rats of the Sherman strain were subcutaneously administered the synthetic estrogen, ethinylestradiol (5 mg/kg body wt. per day) or vehicle for 5 days, and the ganglioside, ceramide and neutral glycosphingolipid compositions of the kidneys of these animals were analyzed and compared. The results of these experiments demonstrate that estrogen treatment: (1) increased the ceramide, acidic and neutral glycosphingolipid contents of this tissue; (2) decreased the relative percentages of glucosyl- and globotetraosylceramide and hematoside (GM3), but increased the relative percentage of globotriaosylceramide and ‘other’ gangliosides; (3) increased the relative percentage of N-acetyl- to N-glycolylneuraminic acid in GM3; and (4) altered the long-chain bases of GM3, glucosyl- and globotetraosylceramide in this organ. These data, therefore, demonstrate that estrogen administration induces quantitative and qualitative alterations in the gangliosides, neutral glycosphingolipids and ceramide of the rat kidney. This data as well as a discussion of the possible physiological consequences of these estrogen-induced alterations in kidney glycosphingolipids serve as the basis for this report.

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