Quaternary glaciations in Africa
Review articleOpen access

AbstractGlaciers were active on the African mountains during several periods of the Quaternary. Evidence exists of three old glaciations (before 100 ka BP) on Kilimanjaro, and two on Mount Kenya and Ruwenzori. The Last Glaciation, which was synchronous with the last major glacial phase in temperate latitudes, affected Kilimanjaro, Mount Kenya, Ruwenzori, Nyandarua Range, Mount Elgon, the Ethiopian Highlands and several of the high mountains within and around the Sahara Desert. The ice disappeared from most of these areas during the Early Holocene, except from Kilimanjaro, Mount Kenya and Ruwenzori, where glaciers exist at the present day.

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