Modified metabolism of a carcinogen, 3-amino-1-methy-5H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole (Trp-P-2), by liver S9 from Schistosoma japonicum-infected mice
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Abstractschitosoma japonicum infection has been associated with an increased incidence of liver and colorectal cancers in humans. To explore the mechanisms underlying this association, we investigated the carcinogen-metabolizing properties of liver S9 preparations from S. japonicum-infected mice and compared then with those of S9 from uninfected animals. When the carcinogen 3-amino-1-methyl-5H-pyridol[4,3-b]indole (Trp-P-2) was incubated with these S9s and the products were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography, we observed that the S9 from infected mice had a lower ability to convert Trp-P-2 into 30-hydroxyamino-1-methyl-5H-pyridol[4,3-b]indole (Trp-2(NHOH)), an activated form of promutagenic Trp-P-2, than the S9 from uninfected mice. We found that both of these S9 preparations have a high ability to reduce Trp-P-2(NHOH) into Trp-P-2; however, the infected-mouse S9 showed a significantly greater reducing power than the control S9. This difference appears to be responsible for the observed lower mutagen-activating potential of the infected mouse S9. These results suggest that hepatic enzyme activities of S. japonicum-infected mice are quantitatively different from those of normal mice.

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