Comparison of two MGA-PGF2α systems for synchronization of estrus in beef heifers
Review articleOpen access
Abstract:

AbstractYearling beef heifers (n = 193) were used to evaluate reproductive performance attained with 2 MGA-PGF2α synchronization systems. These treatments were compared with an untreated control group. The 14-d MGA heifers were synchronized by feeding 0.5 mg MGA/h/d for 14 d. At 17 d after the last MGA feeding, these heifers were injected with PGF2α (25 mg, im). Heifers in the 7-d MGA treatment group were fed 0.5 mg MGA/h/d for 7 d and received a 25-mg, im injection of PGF2α on the last day of the MGA feeding period. Heifers in all 3 treatment groups were observed for estrus every 12 h for 7 d beginning 24 h after the PGF2α injection. Heifers observed in estrus during this 7-d period were artificially inseminated approximately 12 h after the onset of estrus.The percentages of heifers in estrus during the 7-d synchronized period were 75.4, 56.3 and 17.2% for the 14-d MGA, 7-d MGA and control groups, respectively. The estrous responses were significantly different in each treatment. The percentage of heifers in estrus during the peak 24-h period was higher (P < 0.05) in heifers synchronized with the 14-d MGA system than in heifers synchronized with the 7-d MGA system (75.5 vs 50.0%). The synchronized conception rate of the 14-d MGA heifers was significantly higher (65.3%) than that of both the 7-d MGA (41.7%) and control (45.4%) heifers. Synchronized conception rates were similar (P = 0.79) in the 7-d MGA and control treatments. Synchronized pregnancy rates were 55.2, 32.4 and 15.2% for the 14-d MGA, 7-d MGA and control groups, respectively. Both synchronization treatments resulted in significantly higher synchronized pregnancy rates compared with that of the controls. The synchronized pregnancy rate was higher (P < 0.05) in the 14-d MGA group than it was in the 7-d MGA group. The mean day of conception within the breeding season was 11.5 and 9.3 d shorter in the 14-d MGA heifers than in the 7-d MGA and control heifers, respectively. Our results indicate that using the 14-d MGA system to synchronize estrus in beef heifers results in better reproductive performance than that attained in heifers synchronized with the 7-d MGA system or in control heifers.

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