Regular articleFine-needle aspiration cytology in patients with gynecologic malignancies☆
Review articleOpen access

AbstractFour hundred five fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytologies were obtained from 352 sites in 287 patients with gynecologic malignancies. The majority of specimens were aspirated for recurrent or metastatic disease. The most common clinical diagnosis was cervical carcinoma (128 cases) followed by ovarian carcinoma (80 cases) and others (79 cases). The sites of FNA were lymph node (134 cases), retroperitoneal lymphocyst (57 cases), pelvic mass (52 cases), subcutaneous mass (34 cases), and others (75 cases). Of 335 sites excluding inadequate specimens, 162 (48.4%) revealed malignant cells. There was no difference in the accuracy of FNA between diseases in the superficial sites and those in the deep sites. However, the sensitivity for local recurrent diseases was lower than that for primary or metastatic diseases (86.4% vs 100.0%). The overall accuracy of FNA cytology was 95.2%, and it was satisfactory for the diagnosis of gynecologic malignant diseases. FNA should be repeated if the initial FNA specimen is inadequate for diagnosis. When distinct malignant cells are observed in FNA cytology, a biopsy may be omitted.

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