Case reportMalignant mixed müllerian tumor of the fallopian tube: Report of two cases and review of literature☆
Review articleOpen access
Abstract:

AbstractMalignant mixed Müllerian tumors are usually found in the endometrium, vagina, cervix, and ovary. It is extremely rare for this tumor to arise in the fallopian tube, and to date only 37 tubal cases have been reported. We recently experienced 2 such cases. The clinical features, pathologic findings, diagnosis, therapy, and outcome of these 39 cases were reviewed. The clinical features and diagnosis were similar to those of primary carcinoma of the fallopian tube. Correct preoperative diagnosis was difficult. Histologically, 18 patients had homologous elements and 21 had heterologous elements in the sarcomatous components. The most common type of heterologous element was cartilage, followed by striated muscle and bone. The clinical stage (FIGO staging of ovarian carcinoma) was stage I in 15 cases, stage II in 11 cases, stage III in 8 cases, stage IV in 3 cases, and unknown in 2 cases. In all the patients except 1, the tumor was surgically removed. Postoperatively, radiotherapy was given to 9 patients, chemotherapy to 9 patients, and both to 2 patients. Sixteen patients died of the disease, after a mean period of 16.1 months. Of the 15 stage I patients, 10 survived more than 12 months. The most important prognostic factor was spread of the tumor at diagnosis.

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