Elasto-plastic buckling of stiffener plates in beam-to-column flange connections
Review articleOpen access

AbstractThe problem of plastic buckling of steel plates is reviewed in relation to the load carrying capacity of stiffener plates in beam-to-column flange connections. Due to the non-uniformity of the stress distribution in these plates, the finite element method is used to compute the stresses in the elastic and plastic ranges. A bifurcation analysis is performed using both flow and deformation theory to evaluate the elasto-plastic buckling of the stiffener. A scaled inverse iterative version of the power method is employed to evaluate the bifurcation load. A parametric study is conducted on stiffeners and design curves are obtained showing the relationship between the critical stress and the slenderness ratio for different plate aspect ratios.

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