Kinetics of velvet tobacco mottle virus satellite RNA synthesis and encapsidation
Review articleOpen access
Abstract:

AbstractSynthesis of circular (RNA 2) and linear (RNA 3) molecules of velvet tobacco mottle virus (VTMoV) satellite RNA (sat RNA) has been studied by incubating strips of tissues excised from systemically infected Nicotiana clevelandii in solutions of [14C]uridine. After a short lag, RNA and virus synthesis proceeded at a constant rate for at least 24 hr, during which time most of the synthesis was directed to the production of RNAs 2 and 3. The kinetics of [14C]uridine incorporation into the sat RNA molecules after increasing times of incubation and during pulses of [14C]uridine followed by chase incubation with excess [12C]uridine suggest that RNA 3 is a percursor of RNA 2. However, not all the RNA 3 synthesized was shown to end up as RNA 2, even after 72 hr of incubation. Several lines of evidence are presented supporting the conclusion that VTMoV-infected cells contain large pools of unencapsidated sat RNA. It is suggested that the sat RNA may have a greater affinity for the VTMoV replicase than the helper viral RNA which results in copious production of the sat RNA.

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