Investigating biofilm structure developing on carriers from lab-scale moving bed biofilm reactors based on light microscopy and optical coherence tomography
Review articleOpen access

Highlights•3D biofilm structure on MBBR carriers was visualized and quantified using OCT.•Carrier geometry and aeration rate influence biofilm structure development.•Correlation between biofilm structure characterized from 2D and 3D images.•3D imaging by means of OCT provides detailed biofilm structural information.

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