PaperTypes of industrial ecology: The problem of coordination
Review articleOpen access
1997/01/01 Full-length article DOI: 10.1016/S0959-6526(97)00007-3
Journal: Journal of Cleaner Production
AbstractIndustrial ecology initiatives have in common the fact that they cross company boundaries, necessitating the coordination of the activities of several economic actors. This article focusses on this coordination problem. Based on organizational sociological concepts, four types of industrial ecology activities are distinguished. Each has its own characteristic coordination problem. From this typology, conclusions are drawn concerning the way in which industrial ecology initiatives can, and should, be stimulated.
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