Boundary control of a parallel-flow heat exchanger by input–output linearization
Review articleOpen access

AbstractA design of the control of the internal fluid temperature at the outlet of a parallel-flow heat exchanger by manipulating the inlet external fluid temperature is proposed. The dynamic model of the heat exchanger is given by two partial differential equations that are used without spatial discretization to design the control law. Based on nonlinear control, a state-feedback law that ensures a desired performance of a measured output defined as the spatial weighted average temperature of the internal fluid is derived. Then, in order to control the outlet internal fluid temperature, a control strategy is proposed where an external controller is introduced to provide the set point of the considered measured output by taking as input the error between the outlet internal fluid temperature and its desired set point. As the designed control law is a state feedback of distributed nature, for practical application, a Kalman filter is used to reconstruct the entire state of the system from the measurements of the outlet fluids temperatures. The closed-loop system is shown to be exponentially stable. The validity of the proposed control design is examined in simulation by considering the tracking and perturbation rejection problems.

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