Reactivity of chlorodeoxypseudoephedrines with oxo-, thio-, and selenocyanates
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AbstractHerein, the reactivity of chlorodeoxypseudoephedrine hydrochlorides with oxo-, thio-, and selenocyanate nucleophiles is reported. 1,3-Heterazolidine-2-iminium or ammonium salts were obtained stereoselectively in most cases. The hard–soft nature of the calcogen atom determines the mechanistic pathway via an SN2 (X = O), aziridine intermediate (X = Se), or both (X = S). A simple method to synthesize stereoselectively the trans-isomer of 3,4-dimethyl-5-phenyl-oxazolidine-2-iminium chloride and the cis-isomer of 4-methyl-5-phenyl-oxazoline-2-ammonium chloride, was also found. In addition, heterazolidine-2-imines or amines were liberated from the corresponding salts [Cl− or XCN− (X = O, S, Se)] with aqueous NaOH. Finally, cis-3,4-dimethyl-5-phenyl-oxazolidine-2-iminium chloride, cis-4-methyl-5-phenyl-oxazoline-2-amine, and trans-4-methyl-5-phenyl-selenazoline-2-amine compounds were studied by X-ray diffraction.

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