Ternary phase diagram studies in Ti–Zr–Ni alloys
Review articleOpen access

AbstractEquilibrium phase formation is reported for ternary Ti–Zr–Ni alloys near the i-phase-forming composition, for temperature slices between 500 and 700°C. Selected microstructural results in as-cast and annealed samples are discussed. Dominant equilibrium phases identified are the C14-like Laves phase, a Ti2Ni-like phase, α(Ti/Zr), the b.c.c. 1/1 W-phase and the i-phase. The i-phase forms over a small compositional range from a high-temperature equilibrium phase mixture of the Laves and α(Ti/Zr) solid solution phases. Lower annealing treatments have not been found to transform the i-phase, suggesting that in this alloy, the quasicrystal phase might be the ground state phase. Additions of small amounts of Pb and Pd, 1–2 at.%, are demonstrated to substantially effect the equilibrium phase formation for the i-phase and the W-phase. The addition of 1 at.% of Pb significantly orders the i-phase structure.

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