Basic nutritional investigationContrasting effects of identical nutrients given parenterally or enterally after 70% hepatectomy: Bacterial translocation☆
Review articleOpen access

AbstractHigh mortality occurs in rats with 70% hepatectomy fed intravenous (IV) total parenteral nutrition (TPN; 13.9% glucose, 4.17% amino acids, 1.46% fat, electrolytes, trace minerals, and vitamins providing 216 kcal·kg−1·d−1) but not when the identical nutrients are given at the same rate enterally (gastrostomy). We hypothesized that a difference in bacterial translocation (BT) was a contributing factor to this phenomenon. Forty-five male Sprague-Dawley rats (300–360 g) were divided into five groups and underwent the following: control (no operation), sham (intraperitoneal [IP] pentobarbital anesthesia, central venous and gastrostomy catheters, laparotomy, sham hepatectomy), standard oral feeding (SOF), TPN (IV nutrients), and total enteral nutrition (TEN; gastrostomy). The SOF, TPN, and TEN groups had IP pentobarbital anesthesia, central venous and gastrostomy catheters, and 70% hepatectomy. Postoperatively, control and SOF (both catheters plugged) rats ate a commercial rat chow and drank tap water ad libitum pre- and postoperatively. The sham, TPN, and TEN groups were given the identical infusate composition as above, but the nutrient concentrations were cut in half (110 kcal/kg) and three-quarters (165 kcal/kg) on postoperative days 1 and 2, respectively. At the end of postoperative day 2, all rats were euthanized. BT to mesenteric lymph nodes (MLNs), liver, spleen, and lungs was significantly higher in the TPN rats compared with all other groups, except that BT to the MLNs was similar in the TPN and TEN groups. Bacteremia was found only in the TPN rats. BT in TPN rats with 70% hepatectomy was significantly greater 48 h after operation than in those fed the identical nutrients enterally at the same rate; this correlates with the previously reported significantly greater mortality in rats with 70% hepatectomy receiving TPN.

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