Preparation of hydrolyzate of hogwash oil (HHO) and its application in separating diaspore from kaolinite
Review articleOpen access

AbstractHydrolyzate of hogwash oil (HHO) was prepared at ambient pressure using hogwash oil that was collected from the dietary industry as a raw material by means of non-pressurized multistage hydrolyzation. Before hydrolyzation, the collected hogwash oil was subject to pre-treatment that included deposition edulcoration, acidification degumming and deodorization by digestion as well as vacuum dewatering. Components of the synthesized products were detected by gas chromatography and the results indicated that unsaturated fatty acids are the major components.Using HHO as a collector, the flotation behavior of diaspore and kaolinite was investigated. The reaction mechanisms of diaspore and kaolinite with HHO are discussed based on a zeta potential test. The results showed that a concentrate with a mass ratio of Al2O3 to SiO2 of 14.42 and an Al2O3 recovery of 81.80% can be obtained at a feed mass ratio of Al2O3 to SiO2 of 5. This indicated that the HHO is a potential collector for separating diaspore from aluminosilicate minerals in bauxite. The results also suggested a possible way to reuse discarded hogwash oil to avoid environmental pollution.

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