Comparison of a Luminescent Oxygen Channeling Immunoassay and an ELISA for detecting Insulin Aspart in human serum
Review articleOpen access
Abstract:

AbstractThe study was a comparison between a Luminescent Oxygen Channeling Immunoassay (LOCI™) and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for quantification of Insulin Aspart (IAsp) in human serum. The advantage of LOCI™ compared to ELISA is reduced workload and higher throughput.The ELISA assay was performed as published (Andersen et al., 2000 [5]). The LOCI™ followed a 2-step reaction. First, the sample was incubated for 1 h with a mixture of biotinylated antibody specific for IAsp and beads coated with insulin-detecting antibody. This step was followed by a 30-min incubation with beads covalently coated with streptavidin. When the beads were brought in proximity through binding of IAsp, light was generated from a chemiluminescent reaction in the beads. This light was measured and quantified.Spiked samples with different concentrations of IAsp were prepared in human serum to compare ELISA and LOCI™. Human serum samples (n = 510) from a pilot study with healthy subjects receiving IAsp were also analysed and compared in the two assays.Higher precision, improved accuracy and a wider analytical range were found using LOCI™ compared to ELISA. However, sample haemolysis interfered more when using LOCI™ than ELISA. The IAsp concentrations determined in the human serum samples from the pilot study gave a good correlation between the two assays.In conclusion, LOCI™ can determine IAsp in human serum just as well as ELISA. Using LOCI™ reduces the workload, which is particularly useful when handling large sample sizes.

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