Contemporary problems of navigation safety and sea pollution in the Georgian Exclusive Economic Zone
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Publisher SummaryThis chapter discusses the contemporary problems of navigation safety and sea pollution in the Georgian exclusive economic zone. Located on the crossroads of Europe and Asia, Georgia represents a natural corridor between the two continents. During the next decade in the sea sector of Transport Corridor Europe–Caucasus–Asia (TRACECA) there will be five functioning ports, from which four will transport oil, oil products, and liquefied gas. Problems will appear regarding safe navigation and the marine environment in this case. Georgia, as an independent state, holds an Exclusive Economic Zone (GEEZ) of about 27000 sq. miles of the Black Sea. Accordingly permanent ecological monitoring of this zone is the responsibility of Georgia. On several occasions, ballast and municipal sewage water and other pollutants from ships have been dropped in the GEEZ including its seaports. To prevent unlawful actions, it is necessary to improve the qualitative parameters of operational oceanography, marine meteorology and ecological monitoring networks, and establish the hydrometeorological provisional system for safety navigation.

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