Electrochemical properties of nanosized hydrous manganese dioxide synthesized by a self-reacting microemulsion method
Review articleOpen access

AbstractManganese dioxide has been synthesized by a new simple self-reacting microemulsion method. The synthesized MnO2 has been found to be amorphous structure containing a moderate amount of water by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis. Particles in a spherical shape with about 4 nm in diameter have been observed by transmission electron microscopy. Cyclic voltammetic tests have been performed between −0.5 and 0.5 V versus Hg/Hg2SO4 in 1 mol L−1 Na2SO4 solution at sweep rates up to 50 mV s−1. A specific capacitance value as high as 246.2 F g−1 was obtained, which was much higher than 146.5 F g−1 of MnO2 prepared by chemical co-precipitation. After 600 cycles, only 6% decrease of specific capacitance was measured which indicated that such a material possesses good cycling property.

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