Quintessence and supergravity
Review articleOpen access

AbstractIn the context of quintessence, the concept of tracking solutions allows to address the fine-tuning and coincidence problems. When the field is on tracks today, one has Q≈mPl demonstrating that, generically, any realistic model of quintessence must be based on supergravity. We construct the most simple model for which the scalar potential is positive. The scalar potential deduced from the supergravity model has the form V(Q)=Λ4+αQαeκ2Q2. We show that despite the appearance of positive powers of the field, the coincidence problem is still solved. If α≥11, the fine-tuning problem can be overcome. Moreover, due to the presence of the exponential term, the value of the equation of state, ωQ, is pushed towards the value −1 in contrast to the usual case for which it is difficult to go beyond ωQ≈−0.7. For Ωm≈0.3, the model presented here predicts ωQ≈−0.82. Finally, we establish the Ωm−ωQ relation for this model.

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