Pseudorandom generators from regular one-way functions: New constructions with improved parameters☆
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Abstract:

AbstractWe revisit the problem of basing pseudorandom generators on regular one-way functions, and present the following constructions:•For any known-regular one-way function (on n-bit inputs) that is known to be ε-hard to invert, we give a neat (and tighter) proof for the folklore construction of pseudorandom generator of seed length Θ(n) by making a single call to the underlying one-way function.•For any unknown-regular one-way function with known ε-hardness, we give a new construction with seed length Θ(n) and O(n/log⁡(1/ε)) calls. Here the number of calls is also optimal by matching the lower bounds of Holenstein and Sinha (2012) [6]. Both constructions require the knowledge about ε, but the dependency can be removed while keeping nearly the same parameters. In the latter case, we get a construction of pseudo-random generator from any unknown-regular one-way function using seed length O˜(n) and O˜(n/log⁡n) calls, where O˜ omits a factor that can be made arbitrarily close to constant (e.g. log⁡log⁡log⁡n or even less). This improves the randomized iterate approach by Haitner et al. (2006) [4] which requires seed length O(n⋅log⁡n) and O(n/log⁡n) calls.

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