Short communicationSynthesis and structure–activity of antisense peptides corresponding to the region for CaM-binding domain of the inducible nitric oxide synthase
Review articleOpen access

AbstractNitric oxide synthase (NOS) catalyses the conversion of L-arginine to nitric oxide (NO) which plays an important role in the regulation of cellular functions and intracellular communications. Three distinct isoforms of NOS have so far been identified, two constitutive and one inducible. All three mammalian isoforms of NOS contain putative CaM-binding domains with the canonical composition. In this paper we report the synthesis and the inhibitory activity on rat neuronal and lung inducible NOS of antisense peptides corresponding to the antisense strand read in 3′ to 5′ (CALM 1) or 5′ to 3′ (CALM 2) direction of the region encoding for the CaM-binding domain of the inducible NOS isoform (residues 503–522). CALM 1 inhibited, at all the concentrations tested (0.01–1 mM), both the inducible and constitutive NOS (IC50 98 μM and 56 μM, respectively), while CALM 2 (0.01–1 mM) was ineffective on both isoforms. The acetylation of CALM 1 at its amino terminal (CALM 8) completely abolished its inhibitory activity. We also synthesized and analysed the activity of amino terminal truncated analogues (CALM 3–7) of CALM 1, which selectively inhibited the inducible isoform, although less potently than the parent compound. The pentapeptides (CALM A–D) deriving from the cleavage of CALM 1 were ineffective, except the pentapeptide CALM C corresponding to the residues 513–517, which was as potent as the parent compound (IC50 65 μM).

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