Original research–pediatric otolaryngologyReceptive language outcomes in children after cochlear implantation
Review articleOpen access

ObjectivesThe objectives of the present study were (1) to assess receptive language scores in children after cochlear implantation and compare them with scores in normal hearing children and children with hearing loss that use hearing aids and (2) to determine how demographic factors, such as age of implantation, impact language outcomes.Study DesignCase series.Subjects/MethodsReceptive language scores in children with profound prelingual hearing loss who received cochlear implants between 1996 and 2004 were analyzed.ResultsStandardized language assessments were available for 36 children. The average age at implantation was 33 months. The mean language scores for implanted children were within 1 standard deviation of scores of normal hearing individuals. Children with cochlear implants had significantly higher subtest scores (P < 0.05) than children with hearing aids. Children with additional disabilities had significantly (P < 0.05) poorer language performance.ConclusionsPediatric cochlear implant recipients acquire receptive language skills that approach those of their hearing peers and exceed those of children with hearing aids.

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