Evolutions or Revolutions?
Review articleOpen access
1984/01/01 Full-length article DOI: 10.1016/S0166-4115(08)62618-7
The relevance of a Kuhnian analysis of the history of psychology is discussed. Although the history of psychology can be interpreted as a series of revolutions against established paradigms, with each revolution being followed by a period of normal science, the argument is advanced that such an interpretation is inappropriate, misleading, incomplete, and damaging to the future of psychology.Revolutionary and evolutionary aspects of cognitive psychology are discussed in relation to behaviorism particularly in regard to active versus passive models, mentalistic constructsand knowledge versus stimulus-response associations. Finally, three problems confronting cognitive psychology are analyzed: the meaning of knowledge, the relationship between cognitive psychology and neuroscience, and the tendency of cognitive psychologists to ignore problems of emotion and motivation.
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