ReviewComparison of operant escape and reflex tests of nociceptive sensitivity
Review articleOpen access
Abstract:

Highlights•Stimulus–response functions for reflexes and operant escape are compared.•Assessment of neuropathic pain is compared for reflexes and operant escape.•Sex, age and stress effects on reflex and escape responding are compared.•Reflex and escape effects of morphine and cholinergic denervation are compared.•Control procedures for reflex and escape effects are discussed.

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