Reproductive characteristics of cyclic beef heifers treated with the prostaglandin analog luprostiol*
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AbstractOne hundred and twenty crossbred Angus heifers, after exhibiting a 17- to 23-d estrous cycle, were placed into six groups of 20 heifers each and administered 2 ml i.m. propylene glycol containing either 0 (controls), 3.75, 7.5, 15.0 or 30.0 mg of luprostiol, or saline containing 0.5 mg cloprostenol (Groups 1 through 6, respectively). Heifers were observed for estrus every 6 h and all treatments were given 6.5 to 8.0 d after heifers were observed in standing estrus. Blood samples were collected after treatments from 10 heifers in each groups. Blood serum was assayed for progesterone. The synchronization period was considered to be 120 h after administration of luprostiol or cloprostenol. There were 0, 16, 17, 18, 20 and 18 heifers observed in estrus during the synchronization period in Groups 1 through 6, respectively. Progesterone concentrations in blood serum dropped below 1 ng/ml in 0, 8, 9, 10, 10 and 10 of the heifers from which blood samples had been taken in the six groups. All heifers observed in estrus were artificially inseminated. During the synchronization period, 0, 12, 14, 15, 16 and 10 heifers conceived in Groups 1 through 6, respectively. The interval from injection to estrus for the 89 heifers that exhibited estrus in the synchronization period averaged 49.0 h and was not different among the luprostiol and cloprostenol treated groups. Control heifers returned to estrus an average of 13.2 d after the treatment. The number of heifers that conceived at first insemination, regardless of when estrus occurred, was 16, 15, 16, 16, 16 and 12, and the total number that conceived at the first and second inseminations was 18, 18, 17, 19, 19 and 16 for Groups 1 through 6, respectively. Based on serum progesterone concentration and/or interval from treatment to estrus, 15 and 30 mg of luprostiol effectively regressed corpora lutea (100%) when administered between 6.5 and 8.0 d after estrus, and the estrous response and conception rate for these two groups equalled or exceeded that of the control and cloprostenol groups.

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