Chapter 16 A Rapid-Mixing Technique to Measure Transport in Suspended Animal Cells: Applications to Nucleoside Transport in Novikpff Rat Hepatoma Cells
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Publisher SummaryThe chapter discusses techniques, which permit an operational separation of transport and metabolism. This separation can be achieved by genetic, chemical, or kinetic manipulation, or a combination thereof. The transport of various compounds across mammalian cell membranes is frequently found to occur with a rapidity which necessitates collecting data at intervals of a few seconds. By means of a dual-syringe device, suspended cells can be mixed nearly instantaneously with radioactively labeled substrate and separated from the substrate again within seconds by centrifugation into silicone oil. Depending on the cell-substrate system under investigation, initial transport velocities may be either measured directly or calculated from the time course with which equilibrium across the membrane is attained. With nonmetabolizing systems, the dual-syringe apparatus is adaptable to a variety of experimental protocols-zero-trans, equilibrium exchange, and infinite-cis—which in combination make possible a thorough kinetic characterization of a transport system.

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