Review articleCellular and molecular mechanisms of sexual differentiation in the mammalian nervous system
Review articleOpen access

Highlights•Molecular mechanisms underlying sex differences are diverse and region-specific.•Cellular mechanisms include neurogenesis, migration, cell death and differentiation.•New roles for non-neuronal cells, the immune system and experience are discussed.•The same stimulus may elicit sex-specific cellular and molecular responses.•Genome-wide studies reveal surprising effects of neonatal steroid treatment.

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