Regular ArticlePrognostic Significance of Progesterone Receptor Immunohistochemistry for Lymph Node Metastases in Endometrial Carcinoma
Review articleOpen access
Abstract:

AbstractObjective.The aim of this study was to determine whether progesterone receptor (PR), estrogen receptor (ER), p53 protein, and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression constitute independent prognostic factors for lymph node metastases in endometrial carcinoma using immunohistochemical techniques on hysterectomy and biopsy specimens.Methods.We evaluated the correlation between lymph node metastases and PR/ER immunohistochemistry, p53/PCNA expression, age, tumor grade, myometrial tumor invasion, cervical involvement, and ovarian metastases in a series of 99 cases of primary endometrial carcinoma surgically staged with systemic pelvic lymphadenectomy and para-aortic lymph node biopsy.Results.Lymph node metastases from endometrial carcinoma were statistically correlated with negative PR immunohistochemistry (P= 0.001), intense p53 expression (66% or more of the tumor cells stained,P= 0.003), deep myometrial tumor invasion (greater than one-half,P= 0.001), and cervical involvement (P= 0.001). Tumor grade showed borderline statistical significance for lymph node metastases (P= 0.058). On multivariate analysis, negative PR, intense p53 expression, and cervical involvement were significant prognostic variables for lymph node metastases (P= 0.0001, 0.0023, and 0.002, respectively). Immunohistochemical study indicated that the PR status on preoperative biopsy specimens and hysterectomy specimens was in good agreement, but p53 status was not. Age, ovarian metastases, ER immunohistochemistry, and PCNA expression were not significantly related to lymph node metastases.Conclusion.PR immunohistochemistry appeared to be the most powerful prognostic factor associated with lymph node metastases in endometrial carcinoma, independent of other clinicopathological parameters.

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