Land reclamation in the former Zuyder Zee in the Netherlands
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Abstract:

AbstractFrom 1920 the plan for the damming and partial drainage of the former Zuider Zee is in execution. The carrying out of the plan is a little bit further than halfway and may be completed at the end of this century. In the beginning the main aims were: greater security against floodings, increase of food production, improvement of water and salt control, gaining new land for farmers' sons, and shortening of distances. After World War II a new important aim was added: solving the problems concerning the lack of space in the western part of the country by building new towns, new industries and new areas for outdoor recreation in the new polders. The article deals with the most important aspects of gaining new land as soil condition, soil ripening, kinds of land use, farm size, rent and long lease, selection of new farmers and population centres.

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