The Bholghati howardite: Chemical study
Review articleOpen access

AbstractBholghati is homogeneous on a cm scale in major element composition, but heterogeneous in trace elements such as the rare earth elements (REEs). The REEs are concentrated in accessory phosphates, and their sampling can influence the REE patterns of eucritic clasts which, in turn, can govern the bulk REE patterns. Bholghati can be reasonably modeled with 56% eucritic, 45% diogenitic, and 3% dark clast components; however, an additional component (feldspathic) is required to match the bulk composition. Dark clasts represent carbonaceous CM type material that was admixed with other components during regolith formation on the eucrite parent body (EPB). One eucritic clast (fine-grained) is light REE (LREE) depleted relative to heavy REE (HREE), which is unusual in normal eucrites. The LREE depletion pattern cannot be modeled from one-stage partial melting of a chondritic source; however, it can be modeled from a non-chondritic source depleted in LREEs or multi-stage melting of a chondritic source, provided that the LREE depletion is not from undersampling of phosphates. Bholghati has a complex history that involved early multiple magmatic events, later annealing, and fragmentation and low-temperature mixing of eucritic, diogenitic, and carbonaceous components on the howardite parent body.

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