Elimination of cadmium trace contaminations from drinking water
Review articleOpen access
Abstract:

AbstractRaw waters polluted with trace heavy metals present serious problems to the part of the Chinese water supply. One of the important contaminants is cadmium. Removal of trace amounts of heavy metals can be achieved by means of selective sorption processes. One of the possibilities is the application of weak base anion exchangers. LEWIS-base/acid interactions lead to an exclusive sorption of heavy metal cations and an equivalent amount of anions of strong acids. The respective elimination of cadmium from pure solutions and spiked natural water and the regeneration of the exhausted exchanger has been investigated. The results demonstrate a very efficient elimination. The standards for drinking water are met for a very large relative volume of treated water. In addition, even a considerable share of dissolved organic matter is adsorbed. Regeneration requires a first step with sulfuric acid to remove the metals and a second one with sodium hydroxide to neutralize the exchanger and to displace the DOC adsorbed. The heavy metals can be concentrated in a small volume which facilitates the discharge of the waste.

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